Substantially

Substantially |中文翻譯、用法、搭配詞、例句與常見錯誤

單字概述:

substantially這個字來自名詞substance物質、實質、主旨、本質。名詞接al變成形容詞 – substance+al=substantial 重大的、基本上的、大體的 (當ㄧ個字的字尾為ce,要接上al,有兩種可能變化:cial或tial,例如:office變成official, race變成racial; space變成spatial, essence變成essential, evidence變成evidential )。形容詞加上ly變成副詞substantially。

副詞:大體上、基本上、實質上、在很大的程度上

常見搭配詞:

substantially +比較級 (形容詞或副詞皆可)

  • 高 / 低 / 大 / 小 / 多 / 好 / 糟 / 少  很多 – substantially higher (lower / bigger / smaller / more / better / worse / less)

動詞+substantially

  • 非常不同、改變很大 – differ (vary / change) substantially 
  • 增加 / 改進 / 下降 很多- rise (improve / increase / reduce / lessen / decrease / drop) substantially

sustantially+形容詞或副詞

  • 大致相同、相似- substantially the same (similar) 
  • 很不同 – substantially different
  • 大致正確 – substantially correct

例句(句末括號內的字為同義詞):

  1. The housing prices have increased substantially over the past few years.(greatly)
    過去幾年來,房價漲很多
  2. By the time they got back to the house, the creek was substantially lower. (considerably)
    在他們回到房子的之前,溪水退了許多
  3. We believe the economy will get substantially better in the near future.(markedly)
    我們深信,不用多久,經濟變好很多
  4. Organic salves are substantially different from traditional salves, which often made of petroleum products.
    有機藥膏跟傳統的用石油化合物製作的藥膏非常不同
  5. His carelessness has made his injuries substantially worse. (significantly)
    他的粗心大意讓他的傷惡化許多
    例句1-5中,substantially跟greatly, considerably, markedly, significantly可互換
  1. The results were substantially the same as those recorded by the student. (generally)
    所得結果跟那學生紀錄的結果大致相同
  2. What he said is substantially true.(mostly)
    他所說的大多為真
  3. Many traditional recipes remain substantially similar (unchanged). (mostly)
    很多傳統的食譜大致上沒有改變
  4. The data he gave me are substantially correct. (mostly)
    他給我的數據大致正確
    例句6-9中,substantially可以和generally, mostly, mainly互換